Gum disease describes supporting tissue swelling, soreness, or infection. Gum disease has two main forms: gingivitis and periodontal disease.
Did you know?
Gum disease can be a general health indicator. Gum disease has been linked with health issues such as heart disease, diabetes, and strokes.
What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis refers to gum inflammation. This is when the gums are very red and swollen around the teeth. When they are brushed during cleaning, theswollen gums often bleed.
What is periodontal disease?
Gingivitis over a long period can turn into a periodontal disease. There are several types of periodontal diseases and most of them affect the teeth-supporting tissues. The bone that anchors the teeth in the jaw is lost as the disease gets worse, which eventually loosens the teeth. If left untreated, teeth may fall out. In fact, periodontal disease results in more tooth loss than tooth decay.
Am I likely to suffer from gum disease?
The main cause of tooth loss in adults is gum disease and most people suffer from it to some degree in their lifetime. However, the disease develops at a very slow rate in most adults and a good oral health and dental hygiene regime will slow down the disease so you can keep your natural teeth for as long as possible. We recommend you make regular dental and hygiene appointments, and follow a full oral health plan at home as instructed by your dentist.
What is the cause of gum disease?
Plaque is the cause of all gum disease. Plaque is a bacterial film that develops daily on the surface of your teeth and gums. Most plaque bacteria is completely harmless, but some cause gum disease so it’s important to brush and floss your teeth daily to combat the onset of gum disease.
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